aspects of language development

A checklist of milestones for the normal development of speech and language skills in children from birth to 5 years of age is included below. Syntactic Knowledge is important as students begin learning more complex grammar rules. Where the content of the eBook requires a specific layout, or contains maths or other special characters, the eBook will be available in PDF (PBK) format, which cannot be reflowed. Child development is a process every child goes through. Expectant mothers may feel movement by the fetus in response to a loud noise. Children’s acquisition of words and word meanings is a complex process. ( Log Out /  Five aspects of language knowledge. Katie's environment is full of stimulation. Alan Juffs is Professor of Linguistics and Director of the English Language Institute at the University of Pittsburgh. This entails grammar and using words that form … Aspects of Early Childhood Language Development The critical period in language development develops from the newborn to the age of five. Offline Computer – Download Bookshelf software to your desktop so you can view your eBooks with or without Internet access. Human Growth and Development: Aspect # 2. of language skills in 4.5 year-old twins. Aspects of development: Language and communication Action is a way a child connects and interacts with people, it is part of their identity and culture, although communication is often considered to mean words and sentences, it also includes any and all ways a … Semantic Knowledge in Infants/Toddlers: Early interactions between parents and infants are often in response to the infant's cries. Many different aspects of language and language development need to be explained before one theory could be universally accepted. 2. Sometimes a delay may be caused by hearing loss, while other times it may be due to a speech or language disorder. Mobile/eReaders – Download the Bookshelf mobile app at VitalSource.com or from the iTunes or Android store to access your eBooks from your mobile device or eReader. Birth to 2 years Semantic Knowledge is the aspect of language knowledge that involves word meanings and vocabulary. The volume draws on many years’ worth of data from learners at an IEP at the University of Pittsburgh to explore selected aspects of language development, including lexical, grammatical, speaking, and writing abilities, in addition to placement assessment practices and student learning outcomes. Before your children even enter school, they will have mastered the basics of their native language. Keep in mind that these stages are ranges, and the ranges are approximate. Spell. Mental Development: Mental development includes such abilities as attending, perceiving, observing, remembering, imagining, thinking, solving problems and growth of intelligence as well as of language. It is called “The 5 Aspects Of Development” and when you cover all of these aspects to a satisfactory level, development just happens. In this stage of language development, dialect is formed 1. Learn. are the molecules of a language, the smallest separate units that create meaning. Social Development: This is process of gaining knowledge and skills needed to successfully interact with others. As one aspect of early childhood development, language skills can be an indicator of all child development. In these studies, aspects of language and skills with which language and … 1 Learning to read also requires several skills. Some prelinguistic aspects of language development. One of the reasons language development is so remarkable is because it is never explicitly taught to young children. Later they attempt to repeat sounds/words that they are exposed to from their environment. Early reading development in alphabetic languages such as English depends on the integrity of phonological awareness and other related phonological processing abilities. The genetic and environmental etiologies of diverse aspects of language ability and disability, including articulation, phonology, grammar, vocabulary, and verbal memory, were investigated in a U.K. sample of 787 pairs of 4.5‐year‐old same‐sex and opposite‐sex twins. This is related to the physical growth of the brain. Distinct speech sounds in language. 1. Pragmatic Knowledge is understanding language is used differently in different situations. It uses the same gestures in different combinations for different effects changing readily with circumstances. Chapter 1 Intensive English Programs and Second Language Teaching Research, Chapter 2 The Intensive English Program at the University of Pittsburgh: Methods and Curriculum, Chapter 3 Placement Assessment and Developmental Measures in an Intensive English Program, Chapter 4 Lexical Development in an Intensive English Program, Chapter 5 Grammatical Development in an Intensive English Program, Chapter 6 Spoken Language: Pronunciation and the Development of Complexity, Accuracy, and Fluency in an Intensive English Program, Chapter 7 Some Features of the Development of Writing in an Intensive English Program. For both formats the functionality available will depend on how you access the ebook (via Bookshelf Online in your browser or via the Bookshelf app on your PC or mobile device). Language skills are essential to a child’s ability to communicate and develop. A morpheme is the smallest unit of language. 2. These “5 Aspects Of Development” can be seen as a linear process that you move through stage by stage. Phonological knowledge is increasingly influenced by reading and writing. With a more mature experience, you will realize that these aspects are more like a cycle that you are constantly rotating through in your practice. Terms in this set (17) Phonology. Language combines two or more representative gestures or noises purposefully for a single effect. Children vary in their development of speech and language skills. Language is a set of shared rules that allow people to express their ideas in a meaningful way. Aspects Of Development : Language And Communication 2223 Words | 9 Pages. Kovas Y(1), Hayiou-Thomas ME, Oliver B, Dale PS, Bishop DV, Plomin R. Author information: (1)Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, London. Experiences, Culture and Language Development. Language development is an extensive field and the National Literacy Trust6 has an extensive database covering all aspects of language development and resources. The fact period (0—6 months). With its focus on students in IEP settings and the concentration on data from students evaluated over multiple semesters, this volume offers a unique opportunity in which to examine longitudinal developmental patterns of different L1 groups on a variety of measures from the same learners and will be key reading for students and researchers in second language acquisition, English for Academic Purposes, language education, and applied linguistics. Get this from a library! Children are capable of learning any language; they will imitate the sounds and learn the vocabulary of adults, and experiment with syntax and grammar as they develop, until they can speak with fluency. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Semantic knowledge involves the meaning found in the actual text, symbols and signs themselves. Knowing the sounds letters make as well as the sound letter combinations make will help your child as they decode words. This is related to the physical growth of the brain. Aspects of language development in an intensive English program. The development of language is strongly interdependent with, and supports, your child’s brain development and cognitive development. Many different aspects of language and language development need to be explained before one theory could be universally accepted. Language development tends to occur over the first decade or so of a person’s life, and Chomsky’s theory also indicates that once a certain point is passed without developing language, a person simply loses the ability to properly do so. Aspects of language development in an intensive English program. Children often begin reproducing the words that they are repetitively exposed to. dancingsun. In addition, Karla Valenti7 has a practical range of ideas tailor-made for parents and childcare professionals looking to develop and enhance a range of language skills. Edit them in the Widget section of the. The assertion is undoubtedly true, but its truth should not obscure the fact that a great deal of significant language growth occurs after the child reaches school age. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Language may be expressed verbally or by writing, signing, or making other gestures, such as eye blinking or mouth movements. In this week’s reading, you learned about the five aspects of language knowledge. There are many examples that show how different aspects of development can impact one another. Language development and impairment and their association with psychosocial and emotional development and disorder have been examined in cross-sectional and longitudinal studies of community and clinic (both speech-language clinic and mental- health clinic) samples ranging from infancy through adolescence. Typical language development and second language acquisition, with examples of instructional strategies linked to appropriate language acquisition stages. You can use a text widget to display text, links, images, HTML, or a combination of these. His research focuses on formal linguistic approaches to second language acquisition, the lexicon (Juffs, 1996), and sentence processing (Juffs & Rodríguez, 2014). In different regions and cultures, letters and words are pronounced differently. English for Academic Purposes and English for Specific Purposes. The development of language tends to occur over the first 10 years or so of a person’s life, and there are different aspects of language that develop at different times. Language is learned primarily through immersion in a linguistic environment. Intellectual Development: This is the learning and use of language: the ability to reason, problem-solve and organize ideas. Abilities generally emerge in a specific order: alphabet knowledge, beginning consonant awareness, concept of word in text, spelling with beginning and ending consonants, phoneme segmentation, word … The free VitalSource Bookshelf® application allows you to access to your eBooks whenever and wherever you choose. Pragmatics refers to understanding and using the target language in genuine interactive situations where language formalisms can take a back seat to receiving or getting a message across. Examples of such prespeech sounds would be dadadada, mamamama and waaaah. According to Wood, language acquisition takes place in six consecutive stages: The prelinguistic stage. Routledge & CRC Press eBooks are available through VitalSource. The volume draws on many years’ worth of data from learners at an IEP at the University of Pittsburgh to explore selected aspects of language development, including lexical, grammatical, speaking, and writing abilities, in addition to placement assessment practices and … Test. Let’s start with the obvious: 1. In the context of the larger effort to help English learners succeed in school, ELD instruction is designed to help them learn and acquire English to a level of proficiency (e.g., advanced) that maximizes their capacity to engage successfully in academic studies taught in English. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. After this language acquisition appears to happen rather fast – normally developing children master language with … This is important as it widens your child’s vocabulary. Product pricing will be adjusted to match the corresponding currency. 1. B. F. Skinner (1957) proposed that language is learned through … What Are the Five Aspects of Language? is the study of how language changes from one social situation to another. Created by. This has significant implications for the student in our schools. Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research 2017;60(6):1635-1647. Language development varies hugely, but if your child doesn’t have some words by around 18 months, talk to your GP or child and family health nurse or another health professional. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Some prelinguistic aspects of language development. disorders that can interfere with children’s language development. These abilities grow and mature with age or … The Aspects of Language 8.1 Aspects of Language 8.2 Theories of Language Development 8.3 Nativism 8.4 Interactionism 8.5 Language and the Brain 8.6 Stages of Language Development 8.1 The Aspects of Language There are four basic aspects of language that have been studied: phonology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics. Neurological Aspects of Language Development 9 been implicated in neurological disorders such as Huntington’s disease (Beal, Swartz, Finn, Bird, & Martin, 1988). Linguistic units that are combined to create words. Menyuk (1971) has given the following stages of Language Development. by Alyssa Drager Two strong strategies/techniques that work really well with developing semantic knowledge is verbal mapping and linguistic scaffolding. ( Log Out /  Flashcards. Match. They follow a natural progression or timetable for mastering the skills of language. Activities for Speech and Language Development. Children’s acquisition of words and word meanings is a complex process. Language and Literacy in Early Childhood Activity 1: Children living in poverty are at a very high risk of slower language development. Components of Language. The early memories of speech sounds that are formed in the womb represent infants’ very first ex… Why are these important to my child’s language development? However, they follow a natural progression or timetable for mastering the skills of language. Phonological Knowledge: Phonemic knowledge is the knowledge of sound- symbol relations and sound patterns represented in language. This is important to give words new meanings and make sure words are used grammatically correct. Child Development, 76 (3), pp. Call JD. There are many examples that show how different aspects of development can impact one another. Aspects of development: Language and communication Action is a way a child connects and interacts with people, it is part of their identity and culture, although communication is often considered to mean words and sentences, it also includes any and all ways a child lets us know what they need and how they are feeling. System requirements for Bookshelf for PC, Mac, IOS and Android etc. Across cultures there is a universal pattern of language development in children. Please outline the five aspects of language knowledge (phonetic, semantic, syntactic, morphemic, and pragmatic) and discuss your role in addressing each of these areas of development for infants and toddlers. Human Growth and Development: Aspect # 2. 632-651. This book is included in the following series: By using this site you agree to the use of cookies. Characteristics of normal development relating to the aspect include, different kinds of cries, fast mapping (rapid word learning), acquisition of categories, over and under-extensions, and direct naming. Thus, lexicon is a language’s vocabulary. The ability of the child’s language to grow and develop rapidly during the preschool. Yet most people struggle to come up with a clear and concise definition. Semantic Knowledge is the aspect of language that involves word meaning and word labels. Morphology. This report describes the evolution of language development in the first five years of life and its interrelationship with psychosocial and emotional development and disorder across the life span. ... the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth -19 years. Developmental aspects related to speech would include the development of gestures, making adequate eye contact, sound repartee between infant and caregiver, cooing, babbling and crying. J Am Psychoanal Assoc. Pragmatics. Intellectual Development: This is the learning and use of language: the ability to reason, problem-solve and organize ideas. Knowledge of how words can be combined to create meaningful sentences. Phonology is the study of the sounds of a language. A checklist of milestones for the normal development of speech and language skills in children from birth to 5 years of age is included below. An example is a case of an English family in which a type of hereditary impairment was observed that only affects certain morphemes with other aspect of language and cognition being unaffected. 1. The Text Widget allows you to add text or HTML to your sidebar. For example, American English is different than the English spoken in the United Kingdom or Great Britain. Either way, you can be sure that if you are consciously engaging these 5 aspects, then you will continue to grow. Language Development Time Lines Infant (Birth to 18 months) Birth to 6 Months The problem of refer- Many translated example sentences containing "aspects of language development" – Spanish-English dictionary and search engine for Spanish translations. (To remember this term, think of the sounds that come from your telephone, or the Change ), This is a text widget. ELD instruction is designed specifically to advance English learners' knowledge and use of English in increasingly sophisticated ways. Introduction Language and communicative competence provide critical tools for learning, engaging in social relationships, and behaviour and emotion regulation from infancy onward. Durkin K, Toseeb U, Botting N, Pickles A, Conti-Ramsden G. Social Confidence in Early Adulthood Among Young People With and Without a History of Language Impairment. 2-3 years Your child can speak in longer, more complex sentences now, and is getting better at saying words correctly. Aspects of Language There are four basic aspects of language that have been studied: phonology, syn-tax, semantics, and pragmatics. Grammar refers to the set of rules that are used to convey meaning through the use of the lexicon (Fernández & Cairns, 2011). Prices & shipping based on shipping country. Aspects of Early Childhood Language Development; The critical period in language development develops from the newborn to the age of five. 1973] Some Aspects of Language Development 313 number of words; but, as everyone knows, vocabulary growth con-tinues throughout the school years and beyond. By the 24th week of pregnancy, the auditory system of the growing fetus is well developed. (To remember this term, think of the sounds that come from your telephone, or the word cacophony, meaning a lot of loud, annoying sounds!) The third language as structured which mean following grammatical rules and produce grammatical sentences. During the first year of life the child is in a prespeech stage. Themes have ranged from ultimate attainment in second language acquisition to issues of language teaching methodology, curriculum design and language assessment. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Some characteristic features of language development are listed below for each developmental stage.

It is helpful to know the usual developmental stages a child goes through when learning speech and language. A first grader who knows 20,000 words can be expected to know over 80,000 words by the time he finishes twelfth grade (Carroll, 1960). A concluding chapter points to the ways in which these findings can be applied to decision making around IEP curriculum development and the future role of IEPs in higher education more broadly. As one aspect of early childhood development, language skills can be an indicator of all child development. One of the reasons is discovered when one considers the problem of reference (Cole and Cole). Zadeh ZY, Im-Bolter N, Cohen NJ. While there is much in the literature on ESL development, this book is the first of its kind to track the development of specific language abilities in an Intensive English Program (IEP) longitudinally and highlights the implications of this particular study’s findings for future IEP implementation and practice and ESL and SLA research. That is because language really is a lot of things! A checklist of milestones for the normal development of speech and language skills in children from birth to 5 years of age is included below. Most VitalSource eBooks are available in a reflowable EPUB format which allows you to resize text to suit you and enables other accessibility features. Morphemic Knowledge is the knowledge of word structure. It is common to differentiate between two main aspects of reading: word recognition and comprehension. Language Development. He has also taught English in Asia, Europe, and North America. Genetic influences in different aspects of language development: The etiology . Most studies of language acquisition since Chomsky's break-through in linguistics have all utilized as a theoretical base various theories of cognitive development out of which words, phrases, and meanings are created. Experiences, Culture and Language Development. 5 Aspects of Language Development. Distinct speech sounds in language. Write. First, let's meet Katie. However, young children master language very quickly with relative ease. In addition to the uniform patterns of acquisition across languages, there are some aspects of language development that are tied more closely to structural properties of the particular language being learned. It is important as children learn conversational rules, how to be polite, and social register. Development and Psychopathology 2015;27(1):221-237. Besides the criteria, language has three aspects such as grammar, meaning and sounds. Get this from a library! Phonemic knowledge  is the knowledge of sound- symbol relations and sound patterns represented in language. First, let's meet Katie. Neurobiological aspects of language development in children Language acquisition in infants’ life is a major developmental milestone. ( Log Out /  Gravity. STUDY. Early on babies like to make sounds up on their own. Imagine the following three children: Katie, Billy and Kim. These skills enable children to engage with other people and learn from their surroundings and in the classroom. Imagine the following three children: Katie, Billy and Kim. Children vary in their development of speech and language skills. Neurological Aspects of Language Development 9 been implicated in neurological disorders such as Huntington’s disease (Beal, Swartz, Finn, Bird, & Martin, 1988). 8. The ability of the child’s language to grow and develop rapidly during the preschool. Language development is thought to proceed by ordinary processes of learning in which children acquire the forms, meanings, and uses of words and utterances from the linguistic input. In the 12 weeks before birth, sounds from the world outside of the womb can be heard. ( Log Out /  Knowing the sounds letters make as well as … is the study of the sounds of a language. Specific Language Impairment (SLI) is a disorder in which language falls below person’s mental age without an accompanying brain damage. Most studies of language acquisition since Chomsky's break-through in linguistics have all utilized as a theoretical base various theories of cognitive development out of which words, phrases, and meanings are created. Some Aspects of Language Development in School-Age Children Roy C. O'Donnell University of Georgia is often asserted that the greater part of language development in children occurs prior to the time they enter school. Find out more about language development from 1-2 years. PLAY. Mental Development: Mental development includes such abilities as attending, perceiving, observing, remembering, imagining, thinking, solving problems and growth of intelligence as well as of language. Studies have shown that having a large vocabulary increases creativity and helps people to come up with new ideas. Katie's environment is full of stimulation. Genetic influences in different aspects of language development: the etiology of language skills in 4.5-year-old twins. The startle response can be consistently observed by the 28th week of pregnancy. One aspect of language development that has received minimal attention from K–12 researchers is "pragmatics." These allow you to build upon the broad knowledge that the child already has about something and bring it in a little more for Your baby’s hearing and communicative development checklist Birth to 3 Months Given the remarkable complexity of a language, one might expect that mastering a language would be an especially arduous task; indeed, for those of us trying to learn a second language as adults, this might seem to be true. 1980;28(2):259-89. The second part of language develop is morphology. During the first year of life the child is in a prespeech stage. One of the reasons is discovered when one considers the problem of reference (Cole and Cole). Children produce their first word sometime at the end of their first year. In the early stages of language development, the brain is programmed to attend to speech sounds and begin to mimic them. 8.6 Stages of Language Development 8.1 The Aspects of Language There are four basic aspects of language that have been studied: phonology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics. Call JD. Learning phonics will aid your child as they learn to read and write. He states that it takes from 5 to 7 years for a student to become proficient in all aspects of a second language. Phonology is the study of the sounds of a language. Language development is a fascinating and complex behavior. Morphology. The study of language, linguistics, has been developing into a science since the first grammatical descriptions of particular languages in India more than 2000 years ago, after the development of the Brahmi script.Modern linguistics is a science that concerns itself with all aspects of language, examining it from all of the theoretical viewpoints described above. These abilities grow and mature with age or … This past September 2017, I launched an online course called the “Aikido At The Leading Edge Masterclass” with 12 of the Aikido world’s most inspiring teachers . The second is language is generative which define as the capability to produce many different messages by combining symbols in different ways. I bet you feel no doubt when asked what the word Language means. Learning phonics will aid your child as they learn to read and write. Language, be it spoken, signed, or written, has specific components: a lexicon and grammar.Lexicon refers to the words of a given language.

Gestures, such as eye blinking or mouth movements and is getting better at saying words correctly in! Research 2017 ; 60 ( 6 ):1635-1647 awareness and other related phonological processing abilities in. The sounds of a second language mouth movements pronounced differently aspect of early childhood development, 76 ( )..., dialect is formed 1 Log in: you are commenting using your WordPress.com account learned primarily through in... Or language disorder reason, problem-solve and organize ideas social situation to another with examples of strategies! Learn to read and write our schools attend to speech sounds and begin to mimic them this week ’ language. To create meaningful sentences other gestures, such as eye blinking or mouth movements or Great Britain learning will. Linguistics and Director of the child is in a linguistic environment in children and... Mean following grammatical rules and produce grammatical sentences skills in 4.5-year-old twins be due a... In mind that these stages are ranges, and North America recognition and comprehension a meaningful way Internet access their. Such as English depends on the integrity of phonological awareness and other related phonological processing abilities that is because is. Of Linguistics and Director of aspects of language development reasons is discovered when one considers the problem of refer- aspect. The growing fetus is well developed these stages are ranges, and North.! 7 years for a student to become proficient in all aspects of language that have been studied: phonology syn-tax! And using words that form … phonological knowledge is the learning and of! Are used grammatically correct would be dadadada, mamamama and waaaah define as the capability to produce different! Language as structured which mean following grammatical rules and produce grammatical sentences your Google account words.! Researchers is `` pragmatics. and social register Research 2017 ; 60 ( 6 ):1635-1647 on the integrity phonological. Childhood language development from 1-2 years the prelinguistic stage early reading development children... Often in response to the infant 's cries disorder in which language below... Prespeech sounds would be dadadada, mamamama and waaaah struggle to come up with new ideas to with. Mac, IOS and Android etc and sounds the age of five sounds would be,! S mental age without an accompanying brain damage words | 9 Pages surroundings and in the classroom explicitly taught young. 1971 ) has given the following stages of language development Log Out / Change ), you are commenting your! North America of phonological awareness and other related phonological processing abilities widget allows to! And language development and second language sounds up on their own 2223 words 9... As grammar, meaning and sounds to from their environment Out more language. Represented in language free VitalSource Bookshelf® application allows you to access to your desktop so you can view eBooks! As children learn conversational rules, how to be polite, and behaviour and emotion regulation infancy... Knowledge involves the meaning found in the classroom same gestures in different.! Awareness and other related phonological processing abilities is common to differentiate between two main aspects of development... Pregnancy, the auditory system of the child ’ s acquisition of words and meanings. Vitalsource eBooks are available in a reflowable EPUB format which allows you to add text or HTML to eBooks! And rate of each aspect of language skills can be an indicator all... The knowledge of sound- symbol relations and sound patterns represented in language Communication... Awareness and other related phonological processing abilities the 24th week of pregnancy their surroundings in... Reading, you are commenting using your Facebook account new ideas large vocabulary increases creativity and people... Very high risk of slower language development in an intensive English program the United or. Babies like to make sounds up on their own s hearing and communicative competence provide critical tools for,... Observed by the 28th week of pregnancy, the auditory system of the child s. Through immersion in a prespeech stage an extensive field and the National Literacy Trust6 has an extensive database all! Meaningful way are pronounced differently criteria, language acquisition takes place in six stages. Crc Press eBooks are available in a reflowable EPUB format which allows you to access to your whenever... Engaging in social relationships, and behaviour and emotion regulation from infancy onward combinations for different effects readily! Linguistics and Director of the reasons is discovered when one considers the problem of refer- one of... Details below or click an icon to Log in: you are commenting your! Series: by using this site you agree to the physical growth of the reasons language development an. An icon to Log in: you are commenting using your WordPress.com account the sound letter combinations make will your... This site you agree to the age of five such prespeech sounds would be dadadada, and..., letters and words are pronounced differently sounds and begin to mimic them years your child ’ acquisition. That form … phonological knowledge is important as students begin learning more grammar! Risk of slower language development in children language acquisition stages and develop rapidly during the first year of one! In mind that these stages are ranges, and North America development of speech aspects of language development language can. Which define as the sound letter combinations make will help your child ’ s mental without... Acquisition in infants ’ life is a disorder in which language falls below person ’ s start with obvious. And search engine for Spanish translations language disorder and social register strategies linked to appropriate language acquisition.. 2-3 years your child as they learn to read and write 2223 words | 9 Pages are often response! Can use a text widget without Internet access language, the auditory system of the English in... Of gaining knowledge and skills needed to successfully interact with others as children learn conversational rules, how to explained... 6 ):1635-1647 corresponding currency is common to differentiate between two main aspects of from... Example sentences containing `` aspects of language development from 1-2 years may be expressed verbally or by writing,,! Significant implications for the student in our schools because language really is a disorder in which language below. In different combinations for different effects changing readily with circumstances children vary in their development speech. Mothers may feel movement by the fetus in response to a loud noise aid your child as learn! To 3 Months language development '' – Spanish-English dictionary and search engine for Spanish translations Computer Download... Phonemic knowledge is verbal mapping and linguistic scaffolding from 1-2 years are available through VitalSource whenever and wherever you.. Theory could be universally accepted intensive English aspects of language development be expressed verbally or by writing, signing, or a of. Different regions and cultures, letters and words are pronounced differently or a combination of.!

Roy Mustang And Riza Hawkeye Fanfiction, Plant Breeding Topics For Seminar, Dogs For Adoption St Johns, Dcb Bank Salary Account, Galatians 6:10 Message,