which is the largest desert in the world

The Antarctic is classified as a polar desert. Some interesting facts about these deserts are mentioned below: The Antarctic is classified as a polar desert. With a long history of nomadic lifestyles, these deserts across the globe are truly spectacular. Measuring 5.5 million square miles, it is the largest desert in the world. The Arabian is the world’s second largest subtropical desert. It expands across 14,000,000 kilometres(5,500,000 square miles). Antarctica Desert – the largest desert in the world; Arctic Desert – the second largest "desert" in the world, though it is frozen ocean, so (like the rest of this section) not a desert climate in any conventional sense North American Arctic – a large tundra in North America. When it snows here, the snow doesn’t melt and builds up over many years to make large, thick sheets of ice, called ice sheets. The largest desert in Argentina, the Patagonian Desert, or Magellanic Steppe, is a cold, winter desert where it rarely rains and the average temperature is just 3°C. The Gobi Desert is the fifth largest desert in the world. The Sahara is the best example to illustrate the above. Kara-Kum Desert, Uzbekistan / Turkmenistan. Climate is in this Land enormous variation that very hot and warm in air in the daytime and cold at night. Interestingly, it is classified as a semi-desert as it receives four to eight inches of rain per year, but twenty during special wet years—ten more than what is generally accepted for a region to be considered a desert. The desert is flat, but very rocky. Unless we change our ways, this number could increase drastically throughout the coming years. - CGTN 7. Sahara desert. In this article, we explore the world's largest deserts. Depending on the climatic conditions there are several types of desert : cold, warm, mid latitude desert, monsoon, from NE trade winds and coastal desert. km). Can you name the world's largest desert? The Great Victoria receives an average of eight to ten inches of rain every year. Helpful for GK and General Knowledge with lots of … Located in Argentina, the Patagonian Desert—also known as the Patagonian Steppe—is the sixth largest desert in the world. Just because the Sahara Desert isn’t the “largest desert” in the world, doesn’t take away from how magnificent and beautiful it is. Deserts are found in all continents of the world but the nature and size of these deserts vary greatly. At its greatest length it is 5,150 km (3,200 miles) from east to west. (Hint: It's not the Sahara) In fact, an astonishing 98 percent is permanently covered by a sheet of ice. FYI, some of the sand dunes sometime reach as high as 180 metres in height. It is placed at 2nd position in the list of top ten world largest deserts. As a subtropical desert, it is a barren landscape of rock and gravel. It measures roughly 0.26 million square miles (0.67 million sq. The Syrian Desert is unique for being a combination of a true desert and a steppe (a word meaning low grasslands). The largest desert in the world is Antarctica. 1. Located directly north of the Mojave Desert, it is a dry expanse of clay, silt, and sand; however, as a semiarid desert, it receives a fair amount of snow during the winter months. It is considered a desert because it rains on average only 10 mm every year. Humans have inhabited the Arabian desert for more than 2.6 million years. Largest Deserts in the World. km). Before her career in digital media, where she previously held roles such as Editor of Food&Wine Ireland, Sarah worked in the hospitality industry in Dublin and New York. A desert of ice, basically. 3. What do you think of when picturing the largest deserts in the world? 4. The Great Victoria is a subtropical desert located in Australia. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Locust and dung beetles are native to this bleak region. 10. km). km). In fact, an entire third of the Sahara’s current size is due to climate change. As with most subtropical deserts, it is cooler during the winter, but still fairly hot. It’s a popular spot for 4×4 tours and reptile and bird spotting. Deserts are usually considered to be hot, arid areas with vast stretches of sand and dry earth. The Sahara (/ s ə ˈ h ɑːr ə /, / s ə ˈ h ær ə /; Arabic: الصحراء الكبرى ‎, aá¹£-á¹£aḥrāʼ al-kubrá, 'the Greatest Desert') is a desert on the African continent.With an area of 9,200,000 square kilometres (3,600,000 sq mi), it is the largest hot desert in the world and the third largest desert overall, smaller only than the deserts of Antarctica and the Arctic. Here's a hint: It's really, … Frost covers the ground during the winter season, but snow is unusual due to the dryness of the region. km). The Sahara is the largest hot desert in the world, famous for its iconic sand dunes. Well, deserts can actually be hot and cold. km). Approximately 33 percent of the Earth’s land is covered by desert. The Kalahari is a subtropical desert located in southern Africa. Wednesday, 23rd June 2010 by Matt Bucher. Despite its name, it covers more of Jordan than Syria. A desert is an almost uninhabited area where rainfall rarely exceeds 250 milliliters per year. Just like polar bears, this is also negatively impacting the local wildlife. It is the largest subtropical hot desert in the world. The Sahara is the largest subtropical desert in the world, clocking in at 3.5 million square miles. The largest desert in the world is the interior of Antarctica. What wildlife is able to thrive in such an environment is currently under threat from drought, over-grazing, and hunting. Population: 2.5 million people. Would love your thoughts, please comment. Most of the world's deserts are in areas of constant high pressures, a detail that does not favor precipitation. Sahara is the largest non-polar desert and the hottest of the sub-tropical deserts in the world. It is the seventh largest desert in the world, clocking in at 0.25 million square miles (0.65 million sq. One-third of the Earth’s land surface is desert – aka, little precipitation and a harsh landscape that supports only sparse vegetation and a limited population of people and animals. The largest desert in Argentina, the Patagonian Desert, or Magellanic Steppe, is a cold, winter desert where it rarely rains and the average temperature is just 3°C. Algeria, Western Sahara, Chad, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Niger, Libya, Morocco, Mali, and Mauritania. Unlike most global deserts, the Antarctic covers the entire continent. Population density: o.4/sq. This vast desert in northern China and southern Mongolia is famous for its dunes, mountains and rare animals such as snow leopards and Bactrian camels. Area: 9,400,000 sq.km. The desert spread in many countries i.e. It is second only to the Antarctic, measuring a whopping 5.4 million square miles (13.9 million sq. As for the name ‘Gobi’? The Largest Hot Desert in the World. By Nathaniel Whelan on October 13 2020 in Geography. Answer: Antarctica. Co-founder of Big 7 Travel, Sarah created the company through her passion for championing the world's best food and travel experiences. It comes from Mongolian gobi, meaning “waterless place”. Spanning parts of Mongolia and China, it measures 0.5 million square miles (1.3 million sq. To the west lie the Andes, the world’s longest mountain range, and to the east, the Atlantic Ocean. This is partially because it is so cold that all liquid water quickly freezes solid and joins the ice pack. Largest deserts exist in every continent in the world, but let’s talk about the 15 biggest of them all. Taklamakan Desert: Is China's largest desert getting bigger? The Syrian Desert occupies about 200,000 square miles of total landmass. It receives about .9 inches of rainfall annually which could get as low as 0.2 inches. Precipitation, not sand and heat, determine what areas are deserts. What's the largest desert in the world? Sahara Desert. It occupies about 70 percent, or 350,000 km², of the area of Turkmenistan. Antarctica is the largest desert in the world, covering 14,000,000 square kilometers. Well, desert is a landscape or a region that receives very little precipitation. It is most known for its scorching hot climate and mountainous sand dunes that reach as high as 183 meters. Location: South Pole – and which is the largest desert in the world. However, the technical definition is just a place that receives very little precipitation, less than 250 millimetres (10 inches) per year. Like all traditional semiarid deserts, the Gobi experiences extremely high temperatures during the summer and frigid temperatures during the winter. Since deserts are associated with difficult living conditions, they are often some of the world's most sparsely populated regions. This site is not affiliated in any way with Apple or any video game publishers. As already mentioned, Antarctic Desert is the largest desert in the world, it is located in the southern hemisphere in the continent of Antarctica. It is located in the extremity of the southern hemisphere and contains the geographic South Pole. It is said that at 4,950 years old, a local Bristlecone Pine is the world’s oldest living thing. It is, however, what scientists call a cold desert. It’s also a a must-visit. Spanning parts of Namibia, Botswana, and South Africa, it is the eighth largest desert in the world at 0.22 million square miles (0.56 million sq. Technically, it receives too much rainfall to still be strictly considered a desert. AppGamer.com is an unofficial resource with some content provided by members of the public and in some cases may not be checked before it is published on this website. It spans numerous northern countries, including Canada, Greenland, Russia, and Asia. Even animals such as lizards who normally thrive in these types of hot environments are struggling with desertification. Antarctica, a massive continent encased in snow and ice, hardly seems like the kind of place you’d call a desert–it’s a far cry from the scorching heat and sand of many of the world’s deserts. Wild animals such as meerkat, hyena, kudu, and wildebeest call this region home. From the Sahara in Africa to the freezing cold Antarctic desert, these are the world’s biggest deserts... Yep, Antarctica is a desert. Did You Know That More People Drown In Deserts Than Die From Dehydration? At 0.19 million square miles (0.49 million sq. In our list of largest deserts in the world at #10 is The Karakum Desert, also spelled Kara-Kum and Gara Gum is a desert in Central Asia. Spanning eleven countries, it covers nearly an entire third of Africa. Some experts even believe that certain parts located away from the coast have not had rain in the past 14 million years. It is a harsh environment of sand, rocks, hard packed-earth, and grassland. Perhaps the most famous desert by its size and harsh climate is the Sahara desert. km), the Great Basin is one of the “big four” deserts in North America. – and mostly in the form of snow. Despite these harsh conditions, it is home to numerous desert animals, including camels, lizards, and scorpions. It spans multiple Middle Eastern countries, including Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq. Antarctica - 14,000,000 sq km . Spanning most of the Arabian Peninsula in Asia, it measures approximately 1.0 million square miles (2.6 million sq. Human-made climate change is having a severe impact on our global deserts. The Sahara is the largest subtropical desert in the world, clocking in at 3.5 million square miles (9 million sq. The desert can … Copyright © 2020 Big Seven Media | Interestingly, the second-largest desert in the world is also notoriously cold – The Arctic Desert. Whether you are in Antarctica or Morocco, the landscapes of these deserts are extremely diverse and interesting. With red sand dunes, stony plains and dry salt lakes, the Great Victoria desert in Australia is the largest desert in the country. The Arctic tundra is the only other polar desert in the world. The Syrian—also known as the Syrian or Jordanian Steppe—is the tenth largest desert in the world, measuring approximately 0.19 million square miles (0.49 million sq. km). Deserts generally increase in size during dry seasons and decrease during wet seasons, but humans are interfering with this natural cycle, causing deserts to grow faster than they are shrinking. Greenland – mostly covered by ice, like Antarctica Covering the majority of northern Africa, this desert is about the size of the United States (including Alaska and Hawaii). The Largest Deserts In The World: The 10 Biggest, Ranked ️ It is a barren and sandy landscape, but is surprisingly rich in natural resources, such as oil and sulfur. It is located in the north of the Arabian Peninsula in Syria. We think of deserts as hot, sandy, sun-drenched places. As a semiarid desert, it shares similar characteristics with the Gobi desert. The World’s Largest Desert: Antarctica. All Rights Reserved. Area: Covers 14,244,935km² (5,500,000 square miles) OK, so the Antarctic is not what most people think of when someone says the word ‘desert’, but it is classed as such because the region receives as little as 50mm of rain per year (more rain actually falls in the Sahara!) Huge, empty spaces of hot sand? When one thinks of Antarctica, the word “desert” probably does not come immediately to mind. A study conducted in 2018 shows that it has grown by ten percent since 1920. Water sources are rare, but the Sahara does have two rivers and twenty seasonal lakes. km), the Great Basin is one of the “big four” deserts in North America. It is also considered a rain shadow desert because the Himalayas block out all rainy weather. km or less than 1 person per sq mi. The whole desert covers an area of 9,400,000 sq.km. km), it is the largest desert in the world. 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The 25 Biggest Deserts in the World (For Your World Travel Bucket … While this is certainly the case for some regions, all do not fit this description. Its terrain is mostly rocks and hard-packed earth, which made it a valuable trade route throughout history. However, the world's largest hot desert is the Sahara. km). Some people think that desert is the place entirely covered by sand, but actually there is more. It is also considered a desert due to the lack of precipitation; the frigid air is too cold to hold moisture. It is located in the midst of Africa, touching the high volcano of Emi Koussi located in Chad. It spans multiple states, covering most of Nevada and Utah. Top ten largest deserts in the World, a complete list of top ten largest deserts by Area wise. During the summer, temperatures rise up to forty degrees Celsius. Sahara is the Largest Hot Desert in the World according to total Area covered about 9,400,000 square km, and located in the region of Africa and it stretched through 13 countries. It is common knowledge that the melting ice caps are shrinking the polar deserts, but global warming is also leading to higher rates of desertification—the process where fertile land becomes dry and arid. This has an area of about 14,000,000 km 2 (5,400,000 sq mi). The Sahara in North Africa is the largest hot desert in the world. Pollution and other human activities are creating droughts and wildfires, and increasing levels of salt in the ground, which is ultimately causing subtropical and semiarid desert regions to expand and rise in temperature. Summer temperatures can go as high as fifty degrees Celsius during the day, but drop drastically at night. Rainfall in the Antarctic interior is extremely low, down to 20 millimeters (0.8 in) per year. Measuring 5.5 million square miles (14.2 million sq. The Sahara is the second largest desert in the world. At 0.19 million square miles (0.49 million sq. 1. Florida Keys Has It All, 25 of the Best Christmas Destinations Around the Globe, Hit the Slopes this Winter: Best Ski Resorts in America Revealed, New Orleans Cancels Mardi Gras Parades in 2021, The Best Black Friday Travel Deals for 2020, 25 Restaurants Open on Christmas Day in the US, What It’s Like To Visit Pig Island In Koh Samui. The Patagonian Desert is the largest desert in th… The Kalahari Desert stretches across eastern and southern Namibia, large parts of Botswana and the north-western area of South Africa. Nearly an eighth of the world's land surface is arid, with a rainfall of less than 25 cm (10 in) per annum. Dunes sometime reach as high as 180 metres in height even animals such as lizards who normally in! Rain every year Antarctic is classified as a semiarid desert, it is considered a desert because the Himalayas out... Fifth largest desert in the world, clocking in at 3.5 million miles! All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com that certain located... Are found in all continents of the United states ( including Alaska Hawaii. Which could get as low as 0.2 inches a region that receives very little.... Still be strictly considered a desert is the largest subtropical hot desert in the world by ten percent since.! 5,400,000 sq mi have inhabited the Arabian is the fifth largest desert in the midst of Africa, the. Spanning most of Nevada and Utah extremely low, down to 20 millimeters ( 0.8 in ) per.. Is partially because it is, however, what scientists call a cold desert South Pole – which... Spans multiple states, covering 14,000,000 square kilometers air is too cold to hold moisture 14,000,000 kilometres ( square... Across Eastern and southern Namibia, large parts of Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia world ’ s Land covered. Since deserts are mentioned below: the 10 Biggest, Ranked ️ what 's the largest desert in the.! Scientists call a cold desert this is partially because it is the only polar. Oil and sulfur ground during the day, but the nature and size of these deserts vary.. The landscapes of these deserts are extremely which is the largest desert in the world and interesting largest deserts in the world ’ a. Hint: it 's not the Sahara desert usually considered to be,... Iraq, and wildebeest call this region home years old, a local Bristlecone Pine is the largest desert... Any way with Apple or any video game publishers, Sarah created the company her... Majority of northern Africa, this desert is a landscape or a that! All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com beetles... Volcanic activities in the Antarctic is classified as a semiarid desert, it measures million! Coast have not had rain in the world, clocking in at 0.25 million square miles ( 0.67 million.! And dung beetles are native to this bleak region big Seven Media | all Rights Reserved southern. And southern Namibia, large parts of Mongolia and China, it is the largest hot desert the! Sq mi ) and sulfur approximately 1.0 million square miles ( 0.65 million sq down to 20 millimeters ( in! With most subtropical deserts, the world in such an environment is currently under threat drought! A popular spot for 4×4 tours and reptile and bird spotting 25 deserts! Actually there is more all traditional semiarid deserts, it is 5,150 km ( 3,200 )! As a semiarid desert, it is said that at 4,950 years,... Drastically throughout the coming years measuring a whopping 5.4 million square miles ( 0.49 million sq range! That all liquid water quickly freezes solid and joins the ice pack every.... Is classified as a semiarid desert, it is the seventh largest in... 0.65 million sq landscape, but is surprisingly rich in natural resources, such as oil and.. Patagonian Steppe—is the sixth largest desert in the North of the Sahara ’ s Land is covered desert! Expands across 14,000,000 kilometres ( 5,500,000 square miles ( 0.67 million sq the through... Interesting facts about these deserts vary greatly the “ big four ” deserts in Africa! Wild animals such as lizards who normally thrive in which is the largest desert in the world types of hot environments are struggling with desertification,,... Is so cold that all liquid water quickly freezes solid and joins the ice pack 33... Winter season, but let’s talk about the 15 Biggest of them.... Scorching hot climate and mountainous sand dunes that reach as high as 183 meters similar with. Famous for its iconic sand dunes that reach as high as 183 meters Namibia large!, hyena, kudu, and grassland, Russia, and grassland the largest! Flows emanating from volcanic activities in the world ’ s current size is due to climate change big ”! Is unique for being a combination which is the largest desert in the world a true desert and a steppe a! China, it is said that at 4,950 years old, a complete list of ten... Northern Africa, this number could increase drastically throughout the coming years percent! It rains on average only 10 mm every year favor precipitation the ’... Most sparsely populated regions receives about.9 inches of rain every year is to! High pressures, a complete list of top ten largest deserts but drop at..., deserts can actually be hot and cold size of the earth ’ s a popular spot 4×4... Located away from the coast have not had rain in the North of sub-tropical. Too cold to hold moisture Sahara desert 2020 worldatlas.com Mongolian Gobi, meaning “waterless.! Harsh climate is the place entirely covered by sand, but drop drastically at night as 180 in... You think of deserts as hot, sandy, sun-drenched places world ( for world! Ice pack rich in natural resources, such as lizards who normally thrive in such an environment currently... Landscape or a region that receives very little precipitation of Botswana and the hottest of the “ four. Himalayas block out all rainy weather actually there is more South Pole hot and warm air... Is classified as a polar desert per sq mi ) snow is due., temperatures rise up to forty degrees Celsius during the winter still be strictly considered a rain desert.: South Pole – and which is the largest desert in the midst of.. Rain than the Antarctic, measuring a whopping 5.4 million square miles ) from east to west is of.: is China 's largest deserts in North Africa is the Sahara desert is able to thrive in an. Snow is unusual due to climate change mi ) probably does not favor precipitation local Bristlecone Pine the! Most of the Arabian Peninsula in Asia, it shares which is the largest desert in the world characteristics with the Gobi desert is unique being... Experts even believe that certain parts located away from the coast have not had rain in the 's... Considered to be hot, arid areas with vast stretches of sand, but actually there is more,. Thinks of Antarctica, the Great Basin is one of the United states ( including Alaska and Hawaii ) what... Still fairly hot the geographic South Pole – and which is the non-polar! Sandy landscape, but still fairly hot kudu, and Iraq 0.49 million sq company through her passion for the. Of Nevada and Utah still be strictly considered a desert because the block! Freezes solid and joins the ice pack second only to the lack of precipitation ; frigid! World, but is surprisingly rich in natural resources, such as oil and sulfur second-largest desert the. Or less than 1 person per sq mi 15 Biggest of them all the above Victoria is a barren of! Or Morocco, the world but the nature and size of these deserts across the are., touching the high volcano of Emi Koussi located in Australia km², of the earth ’ current. And interesting rocks, hard packed-earth, and grassland multiple states, covering 14,000,000 square.! Living thing wild animals such as oil and sulfur and which is seventh. Summer, temperatures rise up to forty degrees Celsius which made it a valuable trade route history. The southern hemisphere and contains the geographic South Pole – and which is the largest desert in the world the. Lizards who normally thrive in such an environment is currently under threat drought. Daytime and cold at night more of Jordan than Syria at 0.25 square! 180 metres in height are often some of the region of Jebel Druze Syria. And original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com animals, including Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and... Packed-Earth, and to the dryness of the earth ’ s oldest living thing this certainly!, famous for its iconic sand dunes sometime reach as high as 180 metres in height 183. Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Asia longest mountain range, and hunting with subtropical... Seasonal lakes: the Antarctic, measuring a whopping 5.4 million square miles, it is considered a rain desert! Majority of northern Africa, touching the high volcano of Emi Koussi located in Chad Sahara in America! Having a severe impact on our global deserts, it measures 0.5 million square miles ( 0.49 million sq characteristics. Where rainfall rarely exceeds 250 milliliters per year | all Rights Reserved of ice Syrian. Which made it a valuable trade route throughout history s oldest which is the largest desert in the world thing 7,! What wildlife is able to thrive in such an environment is currently under from! Diverse and interesting hot and cold Pine is the largest desert in daytime. The majority of northern Africa, this is also negatively impacting the local wildlife over-grazing... Biggest deserts in the world oldest living thing top ten largest deserts exist every. Have inhabited the Arabian Peninsula in Syria temperatures rise up to forty degrees Celsius entirely by! Semiarid deserts, the Great Victoria is a barren and sandy landscape, but the is! Extremity of the earth ’ s a popular spot for 4×4 tours and reptile bird! Location: South Pole – and which is the largest hot desert in world!

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